In an effective organisation, work is planned out in advance. Planning means setting performance expectations and goals for teams and individuals to channel their efforts toward achieving organisational objectives. Getting employees involved in the planning process will help them understand the goals of the organisation, what needs to be done, why it needs to be done, and how well it should be done.
The requirements for planning employees’ performance include establishing the elements and standards of their performance appraisal plans. Performance elements and standards should be SMARTER. Through critical elements, employees are held accountable as individuals for work assignments or responsibilities. Employee performance plans should be flexible so that they can be adjusted for changing program objectives and work requirements. When used effectively, these plans can be beneficial working documents that are discussed often, and not merely paperwork that is filed in a drawer and seen only when ratings of record are required.